It was initiated by the Militia United in Righteousness Yihetuanknown in English as the Boxersfor many of their members had been practitioners of Chinese martial artsalso referred to in the west as Chinese Boxing. The uprising took place against a background that included severe drought and disruption caused by the growth of foreign spheres of influence. After several months of growing violence in Shandong and the North China plain against the foreign and Christian presence in JuneBoxer fighters, convinced they were invulnerable to foreign weapons, converged on Beijing with the slogan Support the Qing government and exterminate the foreigners.
Skip to content. In the 21st century, the face of rebellion is often the face of youth. But that's not really a new phenomenon.
I've been researching Chinese culture for a report. One thing that caught my eye was the Boxer Rebellion at the beginning of the 20th century, when the Chinese people first rose up against foreign powers - in anticipation of the later Maoist revolution. Check out how mystical the Boxer rebellion was [the passage is from Wikipedia]:.
It practiced rituals, including boxing techniques, which it believed gave its members supernatural powers and shielded them from the effect of bullets. In a new Chinese government was controlled by conservatives who detested the presence of privileged foreigners and their influence. In the northern province of Shensi Boxer bands were enrolled as semi-official militia under the title of I-ho t'uan "Righteous and Harmonious Militia".
Who exactly were the Boxers? The peasants in this area were suffering economically, and they blamed this on the foreigners who were present in their country. It was this anger that gave rise to the violence that would go down in history as the Boxer Rebellion.
Boxer Uprising, —, antiforeign movement in China, culminating in a desperate uprising against Westerners and Western influence. By the end of the 19th cent. The Opium War —42which Great Britain had provoked, forced China to grant commercial concessions see treaty port and to recognize the principle of extraterritoriality.
With that great benefit of hindsight, the rebellion was perhaps inevitable. Whilst labouring Chinese were getting poorer and hungrier, foreigners could be seen living in comparative luxury, and so the conditions were set. A Chinese woodblock showing the violence of the Siege of Peking. Today Swire is a highly diversified business group, best known for its air-carrier Cathay Pacific, but it was founded in by John Swire, a Liverpool merchant.
Inin what became known as the Boxer Rebellion or the Boxer Uprisinga Chinese secret organization called the Society of the Righteous and Harmonious Fists led an uprising in northern China against the spread of Western and Japanese influence there. The rebels, referred to by Westerners as Boxers because they performed physical exercises they believed would make them able to withstand bullets, killed foreigners and Chinese Christians and destroyed foreign property. In the Opium Wars, popular rebellions and the Sino-Japanese WarChina had fought to resist the foreigners, but it lacked a modernized military and suffered millions of casualties.
Boxer Rebellionofficially supported peasant uprising of that attempted to drive all foreigners from China. The group practiced certain boxing and calisthenic rituals in the belief that this made them invulnerable. It was thought to be an offshoot of the Eight Trigrams Society Baguajiaowhich had fomented rebellions against the Qing dynasty in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.